At the beginning of each two-year Congressional term, newly elected Members of the House of Representatives meet to organize and select their leaders. The Republicans call their internal House party organization the “Conference” while Democrats call their party organization the “Caucus.”

Both parties hold organizational meetings where their Members elect their own leadership, adopt internal rules for how their party will operate, and draft their version of the institutional rules for the House.

On the following pages is a listing and description of Congressional leadership offices for both the Republican Conference and the Democratic Caucus and the individuals chosen by their party to fill these leadership positions in the House and Senate of the U.S. Congress.

The current Congress, the 112th, convened on January 3, 2011.